Pengertian Tenses Atau Bentuk Waktu Lengkap Dengan Contoh Kalimat



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Pengertian Tenses Atau Bentuk Waktu Lengkap Dengan Contoh Kalimat - Untuk anda yang masih bingung belajar bahasa Inggris dasar, sebenarnya bisa anda pelajari dengan mudah didalam buku - buku yang sudah banyak beredar di pasaran.

Namun memperlajari bahasa Inggris dari sebuah buku memang terkadang membingungkan, apalagi ketebalan buku dan tata bahasanya yang masih sulit dimengerti.

Salah satu hal dalam bahasa Inggris yang sangat penting untuk diketahui adalah tentang tenses atau bentuk waktu.

Bagian ini adalah salah satu hal mendasar dan basic di dalam grammar atau tata bahasa Inggris.

Oleh karena itu, pada kesempatan ini kompi.xyz akan mengulas secara tuntas tentang pengertian dari tenses atau bentuk waktu, yang juga dilengkapi dengan contoh kalimatnya.


Pengertian Tenses Atau Bentuk Waktu

Tenses sebetulnya adalah bentuk kata kerja yang bisa diubah - ubah yang disesuaikan dengan keterangan waktu ataupun bentuk waktu yang digunakan pada saat itu sebagai masa lalu atau past tense ataupun saat ini atau present dan masa yang akan datang atau future tense.

Dalam bahasa Inggris, kata kerja dibagi menjadi kata kerja beraturan atau reguler verb dan juga kata kerja tidak beraturan atau irreguler verb.

Kata kerja verb adalah kata kerja yang menegaskan suatu tindakan, keberadaan dan pengalaman yang biasanya menjadi predikat dalam sebuah kalimat ataupun frasa.

Sedangkan tense terbagi menjadi 3 bentuk waktu dan ada juga yang membaginya menjadi 4 bentuk waktu dan masing - masing juga masih dibagi lagi menjadi 16 bentuk kalimat yang akan kami jelaskan berikut ini.

Present Tense

Present tense adalah bentuk waktu yang sedang terjadi atau sekarang dan dibagi menjadi

Simple Present Tense: Yakni bentuk paling sederhana dari present tense dan untuk pola kalimatnya menggunakan subyek They, We, I dan You.


  • Subject+ Verb + Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat positif)
  • Subject+ do not + Verb + Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat negatif)
  • Do + Subject+ Verb + Object/ complement +adverb? (kalimat tanya)


Contoh kalimat:
  • We do it well
  • We don’t it well.
  • Do we do it well?

Subject He, she dan is
  • Subject+ Verb (-s/-es) + Object/ complement +adverb
  • Subject+ does not + Verb + Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat negatif)
  • Does + Subject+ Verb + Object/ complement +adverb? (kalimat tanya)

Contoh Kalimat:
  • He finishes his work late.
  • He doesn’t finish his work late .
  • Does he finish his work late?



1#. Present Continuous Tense

Pola kalimatnya adalah:

Subyek They, We, I dan You
  • Subject+ to be (am, are) +V-ing +Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat positif)
  • Subject+ to be (am, are) + not +V-ing + Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat negatif)
  • To be (am, are) + Subject+ V-ing + Object/ complement +adverb? (kalimat tanya)

Contoh kalimat:
  • We are doing it well
  • We are not (aren’t) doing it well.
  • Are we doing it well?

Subject He, she dan is
  • Subject+ to be (is) +V-ing +Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat positif)
  • Subject+ to be (is) + not +V-ing + Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat negatif)
  • To be (is) + Subject+ V-ing + Object/ complement +adverb? (kalimat tanya)

Contoh kalimat:
  • He is finishing his work late.
  • He is not finishing his work late .
  • Is he finishing his work late?


2#. Present Perfect Tense

Pola kalimatnya adalah:

Subjek They, we, I dan You
  • Subject+ have + V-3+ Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat positif)
  • Subject+ have + not+ V-3+ Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat negatif)
  • Have + subject +V-3+ Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat tanya)


Contoh Kalimatnya:
  • We have done it well.
  • We haven’t done it well.
  • Have we done it well?

Subject He, she dan is
  • Subject+ has + V-3+ Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat positif)
  • Subject+ has + not+ V-3+ Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat negatif)
  • Have + Subject + V-3+ Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat tanya)

Contoh Kalimatnya:
  • He has finished his work late.
  • He hasn’t finished his work late.
  • Has he finished his work late?


3#. Present Perfect Continous Tense

Pola Kalimatnya adalah:

Subjek They, we, I dan You
  • Subject+ have + been +V-ing+ Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat positif)
  • Subject+ have + not+ been +V-ing+ Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat negatif)
  • Have + Subject + been +V-ing+ Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat tanya)

Contoh Kalimatnya:
  • We have been doing it well.
  • We haven’t been doing it well.
  • Have we been doing it well?


Subject He, she dan is
  • Subject+ has + been +V-ing+ Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat positif)
  • Subject+ has + not+ been +V-ing+ Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat negatif)
  • Has + Subject + been +V-ing+ Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat tanya)

Contoh kalimatnya: 
  • He has been finishing his work late.
  • He hasn’t been finishing his work late.
  • Has he been finishing his work late?


Past Tense

Past tense adalah bentuk dari waktu masa lalu dan kejadiannya telah berlangsung pada masa lalu dan dibagi menjadi

1#. Simple Past Tense

Simple past tense adalah bentuk sederhana dari past tense dan pola kalimatnya tidak melihat dari subyeknya.

Bentuk yang paling sederhana dari past tense. Pola kalimat untuk bentuk ini tidak melihat subjeknya:

Subjek They, we, I,  You, He, she dan it.
  • Subject+ V-2 + Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat positif)
  • Subject+ did not + V-1 + Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat negatif)
  • Did + Subject+ V-1 + Object/ complement +adverb? (kalimat tanya)

Contoh Kalimat: 
  • We did it well
  • We didn’t do it well.
  • Did we do it well?


2#. Past continuos tense

Pola kalimatnya:

Subjek They, we, I dan You
  • Subject+ to be (were) +V-ing +Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat positif)
  • Subject+ to be (were) + not +V-ing + Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat negatif)
  • To be (were) + Subject+ V-ing + Object/ complement +adverb? (kalimat tanya)

Contoh Kalimatnya:
  • We were doing it well yesterday.
  • We were not (weren’t) doing it well yesterday.
  • Were we doing it well yesterday?


Subject He, she dan is
  • Subject+ to be (was) +V-ing +Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat positif)
  • Subject+ to be (was) + not +V-ing + Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat negatif)
  • To be (was) + Subject+ V-ing + Object/ complement +adverb? (kalimat tanya)

Contoh Kalimatnya: 
  • He was finishing his work late.
  • He was not finishing his work late .
  • Was he finishing his work late?

3#. Past Perfect Tense

Pola kalimatnya:

Subjek They, we, I, You, He, She dan It.
  • Subject+ had + V-3+ Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat positif)
  • Subject+ had + not+ V-3+ Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat negatif)
  • Had + subject +V-3+ Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat tanya)

Contoh Kalimatnya: 
  • We had done it well.
  • We hadn’t done it well.
  • Had we done it well?


4#. Past Perfect Continuos Tense

Pola kalimatnya:

Subjek They, we, I, You, He, She dan It
  • Subject+ had + been +V-ing+ Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat positif)
  • Subject+ had + not+ been +V-ing+ Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat negatif)
  • Had + Subject + been +V-ing+ Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat tanya)

Contoh Kalimatnya:
  • We had been doing it well.
  • We had been doing it well.
  • Had we been doing it well?


Future Tense

Future tense adalah sebuah bentuk waktu yang akan datang dan kejadiannya berlangsung sebagai sebuah harapan atau prediksi dan dibagi menjadi

1#. Simple Future Tense

Bentuk yang paling sederhana dari future tense. Pola kalimatnya:

Alternatif pertama dengan modal ‘will/ shall’ untuk semua subjek.

  • Subject+ will/ shall+ Verb + Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat positif)
  • Subject+ will/ shall+not + Verb + Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat negatif)
  • Will/ shall + Subject+ Verb + Object/ complement +adverb? (kalimat tanya)

Contoh kalimatnya:
  • We will do it well
  • We will not do it well.
  • Will we do it well?
Alternatif kedua dengan ‘To be (Are, am) going to’ untuk subjek they, we, i dan You.
  • Subject+ To be (Are, am) going to +V-1 +Object/ complement +adverb
  • Subject+ To be (Are, am) not going to +V-1 + Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat negatif)
  • To be (Are, am) + Subject+ going to+ V-1 + Object/ complement +adverb? (kalimat tanya)

Contoh kalimatnya:
  • He is going to finish his work late.
  • He isn’t going to finish his work late.
  • Is he going to finish his work late?


2#. Future Continuos Tense

Pola kalimatnya:

Subjek They, we, I, You, He, She dan It


  • Subject+ will/ shall+ be+ V-ing + Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat positif)
  • Subject+ will/ shall not+ be+ V-ing + Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat negatif)
  • Will/ shall + Subject+ be+ V-ing+ Object/ complement +adverb? (kalimat tanya)

Contoh kalimatnya:


  • We will be doing it well
  • We will not (won’t) be doing it well.
  • Will we be doing it well?


3#. Future Perfect Tense

Pola kalimatnya:

Subjek They, we, I, You, He, She dan It


  • Subject+ will/ shall+ have+ V-3 + Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat positif)
  • Subject+ will/ shall not+ have+ V-3 + Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat negatif)
  • Will/ shall + Subject+ have+ V-3 + Object/ complement +adverb? (kalimat tanya)

Contoh kalimatnya:


  • We will have done it well.
  • We will not have done it well.
  • Will we have done it well?


4. Future Perfect Continous Tense.

Pola kalimatnya:

Subjek They, we, I, You, He, She dan It


  • Subject+ will/ shall+ have+ been+ V-ing+ Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat positif)
  • Subject+ will/ shall not+ have+ been+ V-ing+ Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat negatif)
  • Will/ shall + Subject+ have+ been+ V-ing + Object/ complement +adverb? (kalimat tanya)

Contoh kalimatnya:


  • We will have been doing it well.
  • We will not have been doing it well.
  • Will we have been doing it well?


Past Future tense

Merupakan bentuk waktu yang seharusnya akan terjadi di masa lampau, tetapi karena ada beberapa hal ada yang terlaksana dan ada yang tidak terlaksana, tergantung pernyataan si pembuat kalimat. Terbagi menjadi:

1#. Simple Past Future Tense

Simple past future tense adalah bentuk paling sederhana dari future tense dan pola kalimatnya adalah

Alternatif pertama dengan modal ‘should/ would’ untuk semua subjek.


  • Subject+ should/ would+ Verb + Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat positif)
  • Subject+ should/ would+not + Verb + Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat negatif)
  • should/ would+ Subject+ Verb + Object/ complement +adverb? (kalimat tanya)

Contoh Kalimatnya:


  • We would do it well
  • We would not do it well.
  • Would we do it well?


2#. Past Future continuos tense

Pola kalimatnya:

Subjek They, we, I, You, He, She dan It


  • Subject+ should/ would+ be+ V-ing + Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat positif)
  • Subject+ should/ would not+ be+ V-ing + Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat negatif)
  • should/ would+ Subject+ be+ V-ing+ Object/ complement +adverb? (kalimat tanya)

Contoh Kalimatnya:


  • We would be doing it well
  • We would not (won’t) be doing it well.
  • Would we be doing it well?


3#. Past Future Perfect Tense

Pola kalimatnya:

Subjek They, we, I, You, He, She dan It


  • Subject+ should/ would+ have+ V-3 + Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat positif)
  • Subject+ should/ would not+ have+ V-3 + Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat negatif)
  • should/ would+ Subject+ have+ V-3 + Object/ complement +adverb? (kalimat tanya)

Contoh Kalimatnya:


  • We would have done it well.
  • We would not have done it well.
  • Would we have done it well?


4#. Past Future Perfect Continuos Tense

Pola kalimatnya:

Subjek They, we, I, You, He, She dan It


  • Subject+ should/ would+ have+ been+ V-ing+ Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat positif)
  • Subject+ should/ would not+ have+ been+V-ing+ Object/ complement +adverb (kalimat negatif)
  • should/ would+ Subject+ have+ been+ V-ing + Object/ complement +adverb? (kalimat tanya)

Contoh Kalimatnya:


  • We would have been doing it well.
  • We would not have been doing it well.
  • Would we have been doing it well?
Demikianlah bahasan kami kali ini tentang Pengertian Tenses Atau Bentuk Waktu Lengkap Dengan Contoh Kalimat, yang kami harap bisa sangat membantu anda dalam mempelajari bahasa Inggris dasar, semoga bisa membantu.

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