Materi dan Contoh Soal Simple Present Tense



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Pengertian Tenses adalah perubahan kata kerja yang dipengaruhi oleh waktu dan sifat
kejadian. Semua kalimat dalam bahasa Inggris tidak lepas dari tenses
karena semua kalimat pasti ada hubungannya dengan waktu dan sifat
kejadiannya.

Waktu    Present    Past    Future
Simple Present    Simple Past    Simple Future

Present
Continouos    Past Continouos    Future
Continouos
Present Perfect    Past Perfect    Future Perfect
Present Perfect    Past Perfect    Future Perfect
Continuous    Continuous    Continuous

SIMPLE PRESENT
A.    Pola Kalimat
(+)    S + V-1 (s/es) +  O + keterangan waktu.
(-)    S + do/does + not + V-1 + O +  keterangan waktu.
(?)    Do/does + S + V-1    + O + keterangan waktu?
Contoh :
(+)    You study English at MEC everyday.
(-)    You don't study English at MEC everyday.
(?)    Do you study English at MEC everyday?
1.     Kalau subjek kalimat orang ketiga tunggal (the third person
singular-she/he/it), kata kerja harus ditambah dengan "s" atau "es" dalam kalimat positif (positive statement).
Contoh:    Mary usually goes swimming on Saturday morning.
Mother always serves our breakfast before we go to
school.
My brother likes playing tennis on Sunday morning.



2. Akhiran "s" pada kata kerja
Pada umumnya kata kerja ditambah dengan akhiran "s" jika
subjeknya orang ketiga tunggal (the third person singular -
he/she/it).
Contoh:
I work five days a week.
We play tennis every Sunday
The boys play in the garden

She works five days a week.
Father takes a train to go to office.
A mouse eats my food every morning
3.     Akhiran "es" digunakan pada kata kerja yang huruf akhirnya
"s,  ch,  sh,  x,  o",  jika  subjeknya  orang  ketiga  tunggal.
Sedangkan kata kerja yang huruf akhimya "y" dan didahului
huruf mati, y ditukar dulu dengan "i" kemudian ditambah
"es"
Contoh:
I pass the house.
You watch television.
We wash our clocthes.
They go to office.
I study English

He passes the house.
John goes to office.
She washes her clothes.
She watches television.
He studies English

4.Kalimat menyangkal (negative)
Kalimat    menyangkal    (negative)    dibentuk    dengan
menempatkan "do not/don't atau does     not/doesn't" sesudah
subjek  kalimat.  "Doesn't"  digunakan untuk  orang  ketiga
tunggal (he doesn't, she doesn't, it doesn't), sedangkan "don't" digunakan untuk selain orang ketiga tunggal (I don't, you don't, we don't, they don't).
Contoh:
You don't go swimming on Monday.
We don't work on Saturday.
I don't work at the aircraft factory.
He doesn't work on Saturday.
My brother doesn't play football every day.
John doesn't work at the aircraft company

5. Kalimat tanya (interrogative)
Kalimat tanya (interrogative) dibentuk dengan menempatkan
kata   Bantu   "do   atau   does"di   depan   kalimat.   "Does"
digunakan untuk orang ketiga tunggal (he, she, it), sedangkan
"do" digunakan untuk selain orang ketiga tunggal (I, you, we,
they). "Do/does" dalam kalimat tanya artinya"apakah" dan
kata   kerjanya   tidak   lagi   menggunakan   akhiran   "s/es"
walaupun subjek kalimatnya orang ketiga tunggal
Contoh:
Do you always go to office by train? Do they go swimming every Sunday? Do the boys like this film?

Does your brother work for bank Mandiri ? Does he go swimming every Sunday?
Does the boy like this film?

6. Kesesuaian subject dan auxiliary verb di tenses ini adalah
sebagai berikut:
DO digunakan oleh subject I, you, we, dan they.
DOES digunakan oleh subject she, he, dan it.
B.    Penggunaan
1.    Simple Present digunakan untuk menunjukkan suatu peristiwa,
kejadian, kegiatan yang terjadi berulang-ulang, atau merupakan suatu kebiasaan (habit).
Contoh:
I leave for office at 6 every morning.
My father works five days a week.
Father always drinks tea in the afternoon.
2.     Simple Present juga digunakan untuk menunjukkan suatu fakta
(fact) atau suatu yang merupakan kebenaran umum (general
truth).
Contoh:
The River Nile flows into Mediterranean.
Jet engines make a lot of noise.
Vegetarians don't eat meat and fish.
3.     Simple Present juga digunakan untuk menunjukkan sesuatu
yang  akan  terjadi  di  waktu  yang  akan  datang,  jika  kita
membicarakan suatu Jadwal, program, dan lain-lain.
Contoh:
The second train leaves at 10 a.m.
The football match starts at 4 p.m tomorrow. The second film begins at 7 p.m.

C.    Keterangan Waktu (Adverb of time)
1.    Adverb of frequency
always    :   selalu
Usually    :   biasanya
generally    :   umumnya
ever (?)    :   pernah
Sometimes    :   kadang-kadang
occasionally    :   kadarag-kaclang
never    :   tidak pernah
Seldom    :   jarang

2. Adverb of quantity
once …    :   sekali ...
once a day    :   sekali dalam sehari
once a week    :   sekali dalam seminggu
twice …    :   dua kali ...
three times … :   tiga kali dalam ...
every …    :   setiap ...
Exercise
A.    Make the sentences using the phrases below
a)  eat breakfast
b)  go to class
c)  put on my clothes
d)  drink a cup of coffee/tea
e)  shave
f)  put on my make-up
g)  take a shower/bath
h)  get up
i)   pick up my books
j)   walk to the bathroom
k)  watch TV
l)   look in the mirror
m) turn off the alarm clock
n)  go to die kitchen/the cafeteria
o)  brush/comb my hair
p)  say good-bye to my roommate, wife/husband
q)  brush my teeth
r)  do exercises
s)  wash my face
t)   stretch, yawn, and rub my eyes

B.    Put the following sentences into simple present. Use the words in parentheses!
1.    My sister still … (make) some mistakes in pronunciation.
2.    Hendry  always    …  (do)  his  weekly  report  on  Monday
afternoon.
3.    Mr. David's secretary always … (type) a lot of letters in the
office.
4.    Some of us … (work) overtime on Saturday.
5.    He … (come) early because he … (want) to see you.
6.    They always … (report) to their superior once a week.
7.    Our receptionist always … (serve) the customers patiently.
8.    His assistant never … (forget) to record the daily transactions.
9.    One of them often … (pass) my house in the morning.
10.    We ……  (go) to the seaside every Saturday.

C.    Change the following sentences into negative!
1.    The man comes here just to take this letter.
2.    One of my brothers works for Bank of America in Jakarta.
3.    He makes his weekly report regularly.
4.    My manager always spends a lot of money on books every
month.
5.    The cashier goes to the bank to cash the cheque.

D.    Change the following sentences into interrogative!
1.    The man withdraws some money from his account once a
week.
2.    One of the men wants to see our manager this afternoon.
3.    Some of them always finish their work on time.
4.    My friend teaches English twice a week.
5.    We always start work at 8 o'clock every morning.

E.    First, read and complete the text with phrases from the box.

wakes the children up    10 p.m.    20 children    6 o'clock
many times    very tired   gives them breakfast
taxi    bus    St Johns Hospital
My name is Jennie. I’m a nurse    and I work
at    I look after sick children at night. I start
work    at    and    finish    early
at    in   the   morning.   I   go   to   work   by
........................................................ but I come home in the morning
by    because   I’m   tired.   I
have    in   my   section.    I   look   at    the
children        during the night. Sometimes I sit
and talk to a child. The children sleep most of the time. At 6 o'clock the
day  nurse  arrives  and………………        She
................................................................. at     7 o'clock. I go home and go to bed at 8 o'clock. I usually feel   

F.     Now use this information to complete the questions that John
asks Jennie.
1.    What do you do?
2.    Where    ?
3.    What time    ?
4.    What time    ?
5.    How    ?
6.    How    ?
7.    How many    ?
8.    How often    ?
9.    When    ?
10.    What    at 7 o'clock?
11.    How    when you go home?

G.     Write the missing verbs in the sentences below. Choose from
the following:
cry     dence     drink     drive     laugh      listen     put    read
run     sing      sleep      study      swim     want   write
1.    Alice and Max are learning to    dance    the tango.
2.    We usually____________football songs on the bus.
3.    1 feel tired today because 1 didn't.____________last night.
4.    He doesn't go to the beach because he can't____________ very
well.
5.    I always____________to the news on the radio in the morning.
6.    Are we going to____________to the airport or go by bus?
7.    It's a really sad film. It made me____________.
8.    I think I'll____________some letters tonight.
9.    Jim Carrey is so funny. He always makes me____________.
10.    Don't____________all the orange juice now. Leave some for
breakfast.
11.    I always____________the newspaper before I go to work.
12.    The bus is at the stop now. If we____________, we'll catch it.
13.    She's not hungry. She doesn't____________any cake.
14.    I'd like to____________medicine at college.
15.    Shall I____________the milk in the fridge?

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